Coastal Louisiana is made of many inlets, bays, and lagoons. The coast is intersected by numerous rivers, the largest of which is the Mississippi River. Much of the land along the Gulf Coast is, or was, marshland. Ringing the Gulf Coast is the Gulf Coastal Plain which reaches from Southern Texas to the western Florida Panhandle while the western portions of the Gulf Coast are made up of many barrier islands and peninsulas. These landforms protect numerous bays and inlets providing as a barrier to oncoming waves. The central part of the Gulf Coast, from eastern Texas through Louisiana, consists primarily of marshland.
Louisiana is part of the climate crisis, particularly over the last decade. It is increasingly in danger of intense hurricanes and storms with resultant flooding. This, combined with land loss from natural sink-age and commercial and industrial development in Coastal Louisiana have created a perfect, environmentally damaging storm.